Rohtas Fort (Urdu: قلعہ روہتاس Qila Rohtas) is a garrison fort built by the great Afghan king Sher Shah Suri. [7], The fort was soon ceded to Mughal emperor Humayun in 1555,[8] after the local governor, Tatar Khan Khasi, deserted the fort ahead of the Mughal army's advances. It also had a profound influence on the development of architectural styles in the Mughal Empire (and hence on the European colonial architecture that made abundant use of that tradition). Centuries of invaders, weather disturbances, and wear and tear have not deterred the imposing nature of the fort. Fatehpur Sikri (India) which is already on the World Heritage List represents the full Mughal realization of a form and style that owes everything to its precursor, Rohtas Fort. The Fort is a complex of defensive works, including walls, bastions, gates, a small mosque and a haveli (private mansion). Then he went on to Kashmir and back to Lahore to die. Qila Rohtas (‎قلعہ روہتاس), Rohtas Fort Jhelum in Punjab Rohtas Fort is a historical garrison fort located near the city of Jhelum in Punjab, Pakistan. There is a bastion next to this entrance. This is an entrance rather than a gate. Drive on G.T. The foundation of the four rooms can still be seen today. On the bastions cannons could be deployed. The fort is about 300 feet (91 m) above its surroundings. Rohtas Fort (Urdu language: قلعہ روہتاس ‎ . A small Baoli near the Sar Gate, most likely used by soldiers. The fort however was captured again by the Durranis in 1759 who drove the Marathas out of North India. By 1788 he even attempted unsuccessfully to ford the plains of Punjab to rescue his brother-in-law the weak Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II who was blinded by a eunuch Ghulam Qadir. Qila Rohtas) is a historical garrison fort built by king Farid Khan, located near the city of Jhelum Pakistan to subdue the warrior tribes of North Punjab.This fort is about 4 km in circumference. Sarang Khan was then killed. the Fortress now belongs to Maryam Swati of the Swati family. Machicolations are small drains that lead from the inside to the walls outside. Rohtas Fort (Punjabi, Urdu: قلعہ روہتاس‬‎; Qila Rohtas) is a 16th-century fortress located near the city of Jhelum in the Pakistani province of Punjab.The fortress was built during the reign of the Pashtun king Sher Shah Suri between 1541 and 1548 in order to help subdue the rebellious tribes of the Potohar region of northern Punjab that were loyal to the Mughal crown. Rohtas Fort (Jhelum, Pakistan) is one of the most beautiful and historical place located in Punjab. Rohtas Fort in Punjab, Pakistan was built during the reign of Sher Shah Suri, the founder of the Suri Empire who later took control of the Mughal Empire. 2:07. Qila Rohtas (Promo) Rohtas fort. Unable to succeed he wrote a letter to Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis, requesting that the British protect the Mughal dynasty.[12]. It was built by the King Farid Khan (famous as Sheer shah Suri) in 16th century to stop the return of Mughal emperor Humayun, who was defeated by Sheer Shah in the battle of Kanauj. 0:51. It was built by Mughals and many other kings and rulers Sher Shah Suri ordered the construction of the fort to declare his rule over the local tribes of Potohar and crush any rebellions in the area when he took control of the region in the early 16 th century. 2:07. the Fortress now belongs to Maryam Swati of the Swati family. FaNa-E-RaaZ. This fort is about 4 km in circumference and the first example of the successful amalgamation of Pashtun and Hindu architecture in the Indian Subcontinent. An inscription on the left side of the gate gives the date of construction of the fort. In early 2005, seepage, heavy rains, and general neglect caused the left inner face of the Talaqi Gate to collapse, and the right flank and foundation to become detached from the original structure. This fort is about 4 km in circumference and the first example of the successful amalgamation of Pashtun and Hindu architecture in the Indian Subcontinent. [3] It consists of an inner and outer gate which encloses a step-well. Rohtas Fort was designated a World Heritage Site in 1997,[4] having met the following inclusion criteria: Criterion (ii): "Rohtas Fort blends architectural and artistic traditions from Turkey and the Indian subcontinent to create the model for Mughal architecture and its subsequent refinements and adaptations. There are 137 steps. The fort lies eight kilometers south of the Grand Trunk Road. This room was for the Pesh Imam (Prayer Leader). The history behind the beautiful Derawar Fort is that it was initially created in the 9th century by a Hindu ruler, its original name being ‘Dera Rawar’ which lead to the current version of its name: ‘Derawar.’ This huge fort was made to commemorate the king of current day Jamshedpur and Bahawalpur, Raja Deoraj Bhatti. It was built by the King Farid Khan (famous as Sheer shah Suri) in 16th century to stop the return of Mughal emperor Humayun, who was defeated by Sheer Shah in the battle of Kanauj. The gate rectangular in shape, and measures 21.34 metres (70.0 feet) high, by 20.73 metres (68.0 feet) wide, and with a depth of 15 metres (49 feet). He said the following about its location: This fort was founded in a cleft and the strength of it cannot be imagined. A fading Urdu sign board titled “The story of Rohtas in its own words” welcomes and bids farewell to the visitors of Rohtas. After the takeover of the Punjab by Emperor Ranjit Singh, Gurmukh Singh Lamba captured the Rothas Fort from the Ghakhar chief Nur Khan, father of Fazil Dad Khan in 1825. 2:07. This fort was built in a style that draws from Turkish, Middle Eastern, and South Asian artistic traditions.[4]. 0:51. Until the construction of the new Grand Trunk Road, Rohtas was a halting place on the main Peshawar-Lahore road. Browse more videos. The carving is of the word "Allah" in Arabic. Gurudwara Chowa Sahib is located just outside the fort, near the Talaqi gate. Javed kaleem . She was the daughter of the food minister named Qadir Bukhsh. The fort was also designed to suppress the local Gakhar tribes of the Potohar region. Suzi Bernier. The gate also has a room which has windows opening to the inside and the outside. The Rohtas Fort Conservation Programme was conceived by the Himalayan Wildlife Foundation in 2000 to help protect the sixteenth-century Rohtas Fort near Jhelum, and develop it as a heritage site conforming to international standards of conservation and tourism. The inner and outer arches have sunflower motifs like the Sohail Gate. Strange Well In Rohtas Fort, Jhelum, Pakistan. Baba Guru Nanak, the founder of Sikh religion, had stayed at the place known as Ghan stream in front of Rohtas Fort in 16thCentury. Rohtas Fort Ancient Well in near the city of Jhelum ‎04 ‎January ‎2005 DSCI0003. It reads: “I have been the abode of Muslim kings. 1:48. rohtas 9th muharam pakistan … It is on the eastern side of the fort. 0:49. References. Rohtas Fort: Rohtas fort is a historical place build by king sher shah suri. The fortified walls have 68 bastions at irregular intervals,[4] with 12 monumental gateways providing access to the inner fort. The foundation of the fort was laid in 1541 by Sher Shah Suri, who is labelled as “the most illustrious Afghan in history” by Sir Olaf Caroe. Tourists have to climb the stairs to reach the gate of the fort which is very exhausting. Qila Rohtas History In Urdu Sher Shah Suri Raja Ranjit Singh Qila Rohtas Fort Information Urdu History Qila Rohtas Fort History: Sher Shah Suri jis ka asal naam Fareed Khan tha us ne is qila ki tameer ka hukam 948 hijri bamutabiq 1541 mein Shah Sultai ko diya. The Rani Mahal (Queens palace) is near Haveli Man Singh. It is a single gate 9.15 meter high and 6.1 meter deep. The fort was also designed to suppress the local Gakhar tribes of then Potohar region. The fort is situated at about 1500 feet above sea level. It is approximately 3 km from Khukha. The gate derives its name from the beautiful glazed tiles used to decorate its outer arch. Rohtas Fort is an example of early Muslim militairy architecture. The inner and outer gates are almost mirror images of each other. The Rohtas Fort has hundreds of them and each one is beautifully decorated with geometric patterns. Shahi Qila History In Urdu Lahore Fort Essay In English: Literal meanings of Fort are stability and safety. This fort is about 4 km in circumference and the first example of the successful amalgamation of Pukhtun and Hindu architecture in the . This fort is about 4 km in circumference. There is also located a dipilated pond in front of this gate within the fort, since the construction of the fort, for this reason it is now called "Sar Gate" as "Sar" means water pond. The written history of Jhelum (Urdu: مل ج خيرات ہ), an area of cutting edge Pakistan, covers a large number of years. [3] The Sohail gate features some of the best masonry work of the Sur Empire, and was likely the ceremonial main entrance to the fort. The famous Rohtas fort is just 15 miles away from the city. This gate faces to the village Gatali Ford (ravine) which is called also Patan Gatiali or Gatiyalian, the important point to cross the River Jhelum for the Kashmir Valley, thus the name. [1] The Afsharid ruler Nadir Shah camped at the fort during his attack on the Mughal Empire. It has a prayer chamber and a small courtyard. Ranjit Singh gave the fort to Mohar Singh who was succeeded by Gurmukh Singh Lamba. Sohail Gate, Rohtas Fort. Javed kaleem. Follow. Javed kaleem. It is now being used as stores under Railway Authorities and also Tilla Jogian; a centuries-long history of the area. One of these is about one mile (1.6 km) north of the Rohtas Fort. Rohtas Fort (Punjabi, Urdu: قلعہ روہتاس‎; Qila Rohtas) is a 16th-century fortress located near the city of Jehlum in the Pakistani province of Punjab.The fortress was built by Raja Todar Mal on the orders of Sher Shah Suri. The same carving is also done on merlons on top of Shahi Mosque. [4] The ramparts follow the hilltop's contours.[4]. This fort is about 4 km in circumference and the first example of the successful amalgamation of Pashtun and Hindu architecture in the Indian Subcontinent. My Historical P A K I S T A N. Rohtas Fort (Urdu: قلعہ روہتاس Qila Rohtas) is a garrison fort built by the great Afghan king Sher Shah Suri. On the outer wall of the mosque the "Kalima" is written in beautiful calligraphy on both sides of each arch of the Shahi Mosque. After the decline of the Mughals, the Marathas gained most of their territories in North India. Zafar Chughtai the chairman of Rohtas opposed the stay order from government declaring that no government will take the properties of Rohtas locals. This gate is 15.25 meters high and 13.8 meters wide with two bastions on either side. Rohtas Fort covers an area of 70 hectares,[4] enclosed by 4 kilometres of walls that were bolstered by 68 bastion towers, and 12 gates. These verses are surrounded by a Lilly going around the Naqsh script. The Gatali Gate forms one of the original entrances to Rohtas. One can also easily reach Rohtas fort via Rasoolpur. Rohtas Fort (Urdu: قلعہ روہتاس Qila Rohtas) is a garrison fort built by the Great Afghan King Sher Shah Suri. There is a small room at the end of these three chambers. Date of production 26 October 1994. The fort was also designed to suppress the local Gakhar tribes of then Potohar region. [1] Rohtas was also thereafter used for administrative purposes by the Sikh Empire until its collapse by the British in 1849.[10][11]. Karakoram Bikers runs day tours to visit the Fort and surrounding area departing from Lahore. 0:49. It was designed to suppress the local Ghakar tribes, a clan predominantly on the Potohor plateau of northern Pakistan. It was founded from the period of 1960 to 1968 at the place where All India Muslim League approved the Pakistan Resolution in 1940 on the 23 rd of March. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Rohtas Fort. Rohtas Fort Ancient Well in near the city of Jhelum ‎04 ‎January ‎2005 DSCI0003. Rohtas Fort was inscribed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site in 1997 for being an "exceptional example of the Muslim military architecture of Central and South Asia."[4]. On the outer wall of the mosque are beautiful round designs in which Islamic verses are written in Naqsh script. This garrison fort was built by Afghan king Sher Shah Suri … Sher Shah Suri laid foundation for this Fort in 1542,and after approximately 8 years the construction was completed in 1550 in the reigm of Saleem Shah Suri successor of Sher Shah Suri. [6] It was made primarily as a defense against the Mughals . Browse more videos. His shrine still stands to this day. Solivagant. This gate links the citadel to the main fort. The fortress is located at the northern end of walled city Lahore, and spreads over an area greater than 20 hectares. Rohtas Fort (Urdu: قلعہ روہتاس ‎,Qila Rohtas) is a garrison fort built by the great Afghan king Sher Shah Suri. It derives its name from a local saint named Sohail Bukhari − whose remains are interred in the south-western portion of the gate. Rohtas Fort: (Urdu: قلعہ روہتاس Qila Rohtas) is a garrison fort built by the great Afghan king Sher Shah Suri. These tiles are the earliest examples of this technique which was later refined in Lahore. About 10 minutes drive beyond the Jhelum bridge just short of the city of Dina, you will find a signpost to the left directing you to Rohtas Fort. History Of Gakhars In Urdu Gakhar History In Urdu The best ancient sources for the Gakhars are Ferishta's history completed in 1606 and the Gakhar history "Kaygawharnāma" by Rāyzāda Dunīchand Bālī which was written in 1725. It is accessible by only one gate and also had a very fine Baoli which suggests that it was meant for the chief and his family.This gate has a bastion and a defensive wall on each side. Thereafter it was used by the Durrani ruler Ahmad Shah Durrani during his invasions of the Punjab against the Sikhs. [3] Rohtas Fort was never stormed by force,[4] and has survived remarkably intact. Rohtas Fort Jhelum History. Rohtas Fort History. It is approximately 16 km NW of Jhelum, and is near the city of Dina. For full details of the fort itself please have a look at our blog post here. GUJRAT: Renovation and rehabilitation of historical Gurdwara Choa Sahib near the Rohtas Fort by the Evacuee Trust Property Board (EPTB) is underway in Jhelum district. It is in the middle of the Fort for soldiers, elephants, horses etc. Most of these are engravings in Arabic and sunflowers. It is also present in the guard post in between each gate. 7:46. Rohtas Fort near Jhelum ‎04 ‎January ‎2005 DSCI0005. Rohtas Fort (Punjabi, Urdu: قلعہ روہتاس‎; Qila Rohtas) is a 16th-century fortress located near the city of Jhelum in the Pakistani province of Punjab.The fortress was built during the reign of the Pashtun king Sher Shah Suri between 1541 and 1548 in order to help subdue the rebellious tribes of the Potohar region of northern Punjab that were loyal to the Mughal crown. [9], The fort lost much of its significance as the fort's purpose of subduing pro-Mughal Gakhar tribesmen, as well as the preventing the return of Emperor Humayun, was no longer required. These tiles were made in Lahore. The Lahore Fort (Punjabi and Urdu: شاہی قلعہ ‎: Shahi Qila, or "Royal Fort") is a citadel in the city of Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan. The emperor is Sher, with long life In the portions that have fallen away (Haveli Man Singh) one can still see some part of the original construction. [9] Rohtas Fort, ironically, came to serve as capital of the Gakhar tribes that it had initially been designed to subdue,[1] and was not required as a military garrison as the local Gakhar tribes remained loyal to the Mughal crown.[1]. His daughter was then married to Sher Shah's favourite general Khawas Khan Marwat. Shahi Qila Lahore History in Urdu. The hill on which the fort is situated has the height of 1500m. Rohtas Fort near … The recommendation by ICOMOS (the organization that makes the World Heritage list) made the following recommendation. 2:07. 19:53. There are no surviving examples of military architecture of this period on the same scale in the South Asia which survive to the same degree of completeness and conservation. Since its creation, Persian, Greek, Hindu, Buddhist, Muslim, Sikh, and British rules the impacts to introduce day Pakistan. Rohtas Fort. Rohtas Fort (Punjabi, Urdu: قلعہ روہتاس‎ ; Qila Rohtas) is a 16th-century fortress located near the city of Jehlum in the Pakistani province of Punjab.The fortress was built during the reign of Sher Shah Suri. 0:49. There is a bastion next to this gate. "[4] Rohtas Fort Architecture: Alaqai toor par Sher Shah Suri ka taluq Afghanistan ke mashoor alaqa "Rawa" se tha. It is famous for the martial races settled in the area. [1] The enclosed section served as a citadel for elites. 5: Minar-e-Pakistan. 19:53. These tiles are blue in color. Nearby there is also the historic 16th-century Rohtas Fort, another historic fort since Sikh era located at the backside of the main bus stand near Railway Phatak Jhelum City. There are other inscriptions on the Khwas Khani, Langar Khani and Gatali gate. The historic Shahrah-e-Azam road once passed adjacent to the outer northern wall of the fort. Shahi Qila / Lahore Fort History is very old. Rohtas Fort is an outstanding example of early Muslim military architecture in the South Asia which incorporates features from elsewhere in the Islamic world. Its central archway is 4.72 metres (15.5 feet) wide, and maintains its shape throughout the gates depth. The stay order is still effective but no subsequent government has pursued its execution and has allowed the fort residents to reside there. Suzi Bernier. This fort is about 4 KM in circumference and the first example of the successful amalgamation of Pukhtun and Hindu architecture in the sub-continent. ), Rohtas would appear to be a remarkable place. DreamArts Creations. Plaster has been used in the Shahi Mosque. This mosque is built into the fortification wall i.e. Minar-e-Pakistan is a fusion of Islamic and a Mughal architecture. The oldest grand trunk road also passes through the city. The area of the fort is 3200 canals. The outer arch has a small window like the Sohail Gate. It was completed by Shahu Sultan. Rohtas Fort is an exceptional example of the Muslim military architecture of central and South Asia, which blends architectural and artistic traditions from Turkey and the South Asia to create the model for Mughal architecture and its subsequent refinements and adaptations. It is named after Shah Chandwali who refused to get his wages for working on this gate. It was built in 1541 and survives intact til today. [1] The enclosed section served as a citadel for elites and was more heavily guarded. The later Mughals seem to have made no use of the fort. DreamArts Creations. The Kabuli gate derives its name from the fact that it opens towards the northwest in the general direction of Kabul. Download this stock image: Rohtas Fort (Punjabi, Urdu: قلعہ روہتاس‎; Qila Rohtas) is a 16th-century fortress located near the city of Jhelum in the Pakistani province of Punjab. Rohtas Fort, known in Urdu as Qila Rohtas, is located about 109 kilometers from the nearest city of Rawalpindi. 0:59. Langar Khan is a double gate which is 15.25 meters (50.0 feet) high, 3.5 meters (11 feet) wide with a central arched opening. The pictures is of a machicolation near the Langar Khana (Mess Hall). Emperor Jahangir again stayed here when he was being forced to go to Kabul by Mahabat Khan. This Baoli has 148 steps. For the visitor, they are exhausting climb of an hour and a half. The tiles on Shishi gate are the earliest example of the usage of these tiles. Maharaja Ranjit Singh had built a gurdwara at the site in 1834. Emperor Akbar stayed here for a single night. 2:07. In 1992 the government ordered the locals of Rohtas to leave the inside area of fort and state that the government would construct houses for them outside the fort. Rohtas fort complete urdu history , see more on jhelum fb , Report. Rohtas Fort (Punjabi, Urdu: قلعہ روہتاس ‎; Qila Rohtas) is a 16th-century fortress located near the city of Jehlum in the Pakistani province of Punjab.The fortress was built by Raja Todar Mal on the orders of Sher Shah Suri.The fort was also designed to suppress the local Gakhar tribes of then Potohar region. He laid the foundation of the Suri Empire in the subcontinent during his time as a ruler. Some portions have been built using burnt brick. Institute of Architects, Pakistan Rawalpindi-Islamabad Chapter Arch Vision 2002". 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